As the people of Egypt continue to show no willingness to tolerate any longer the 30-year dictatorship of President Hosni Mubarak, no one — least of all the Egyptian people — should be fooled into thinking that Mubarak’s response, appointing intelligence chief Omar Suleiman as his Vice President, constitutes any kind of change.
As Stephen Soldz (psychoanalyst, psychologist and anti-torture activist) reports, in an incisive article for Op-Ed News (cross-posted below), Suleiman played a major role in the Bush administration’s torture program, which not only casts a bleak light on America’s relationship with the Mubarak regime, but also indicates that, for the Egyptian people, devastated by a torture regime that has lasted throughout Mubarak’s reign, Omar Suleiman is the last man that should be being groomed as a possible successor.
In response to the mass protests of recent days, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has appointed his first Vice President in his over 30 years rule, intelligence chief Omar Suleiman. When Suleiman was first announced, Aljazeera commentators were describing him as a “distinguished” and “respected” man. It turns out, however, that he is distinguished for, among other things, his central role in Egyptian torture and in the US rendition to torture program. Further, he is “respected” by US officials for his cooperation with their torture plans, among other initiatives.
Katherine Hawkins, an expert on the US’s rendition to torture program, in an email, has sent some critical texts where Suleiman pops up. Thus, Jane Mayer, in The Dark Side, pointed to Suleiman’s role in the rendition program:
Each rendition was authorized at the very top levels of both governments … The long-serving chief of the Egyptian central intelligence agency, Omar Suleiman, negotiated directly with top Agency officials. [Former US Ambassador to Egypt] Walker described the Egyptian counterpart, Suleiman, as “very bright, very realistic,” adding that he was cognizant that there was a downside to “some of the negative things that the Egyptians engaged in, of torture and so on. But he was not squeamish, by the way” (pp. 113).
Stephen Grey, in Ghost Plane, his investigative work on the rendition program also points to Suleiman as central in the rendition program:
To negotiate these assurances [that the Egyptians wouldn't "torture" the prisoner delivered for torture] the CIA dealt principally in Egypt through Omar Suleiman, the chief of the Egyptian general intelligence service (EGIS) since 1993. It was he who arranged the meetings with the Egyptian interior ministry … Suleiman, who understood English well, was an urbane and sophisticated man. Others told me that for years Suleiman was America’s chief interlocutor with the Egyptian regime — the main channel to President Hosni Mubarak himself, even on matters far removed from intelligence and security.
Suleiman’s role was also highlighted in a Wikileaks cable:
In the context of the close and sustained cooperation between the USG and GOE on counterterrorism, Post believes that the written GOE assurances regarding the return of three Egyptians detained at Guantanamo (reftel) represent the firm commitment of the GOE to adhere to the requested principles. These assurances were passed directly from Egyptian General Intelligence Service (EGIS) Chief Soliman [sic] through liaison channels — the most effective communication path on this issue. General Soliman’s word is the GOE’s guarantee, and the GOE’s track record of cooperation on CT issues lends further support to this assessment. End summary.
However, Suleiman wasn’t just the go-to bureaucrat for when the Americans wanted to arrange a little torture. This “urbane and sophisticated man” apparently enjoyed a little rough stuff himself.
Shortly after 9/11, Australian citizen Mamdouh Habib was captured by Pakistani security forces and, under US pressure, tortured by Pakistanis. He was then rendered (with an Australian diplomat watching) by CIA operatives to Egypt, a not uncommon practice. In Egypt, Habib merited Suleiman’s personal attention. As related by Richard Neville, based on Habib’s memoir:
Habib was interrogated by the country’s Intelligence Director, General Omar Suleiman … Suleiman took a personal interest in anyone suspected of links with Al-Qaeda. As Habib had visited Afghanistan shortly before 9/11, he was under suspicion. Habib was repeatedly zapped with high-voltage electricity, immersed in water up to his nostrils, beaten, his fingers were broken and he was hung from metal hooks.
That treatment wasn’t enough for Suleiman, so:
To loosen Habib’s tongue, Suleiman ordered a guard to murder a gruesomely shackled Turkistan prisoner in front of Habib — and he did, with a vicious karate kick.
After Suleiman’s men extracted Habib’s confession, he was transferred back to US custody, where he eventually was imprisoned at Guantánamo. His “confession” was then used as evidence in his Guantánamo trial [actually his Combatant Status Review Tribunal, a miltary review board].
The Washington Post‘s intelligence correspondent Jeff Stein reported some additional details regarding Suleiman and his important role in the old Egypt the demonstrators are trying to leave behind:
“Suleiman is seen by some analysts as a possible successor to the president,” the Voice of America said Friday. “He earned international respect for his role as a mediator in Middle East affairs and for curbing Islamic extremism.”
An editorialist at Pakistan’s International News predicted Thursday that “Suleiman will probably scupper his boss’s plans [to install his son], even if the aspiring intelligence guru himself is as young as 75.”
Suleiman graduated from Egypt’s prestigious Military Academy but also received training in the Soviet Union. Under his guidance, Egyptian intelligence has worked hand-in-glove with the CIA’s counterterrorism programs, most notably in the 2003 rendition from Italy of an al-Qaeda suspect known as Abu Omar.
In an observation that may turn out to be ironic, the magazine wrote, “More than from any other single factor, Suleiman’s influence stems from his unswerving loyalty to Mubarak.”
If Suleiman succeeds Mubarak and retains power, we will likely be treated to plaudits for his distinguished credentials from government officials and US pundits. We should remember that what they really mean is his ability to brutalize and torture. As Stephen Grey puts it:
But in secret, men like Omar Suleiman, the country’s most powerful spy and secret politician, did our work, the sort of work that Western countries have no appetite to do ourselves.
If Suleiman receives praise in the US, it will be because our leaders know that he’s the sort of leader who can be counted on to do what it takes to restore order and ensure that Egypt remains friendly to US interests.
There are some signs, however, that the Obama administration may not accept Suleiman’s appointment. Today they criticized the rearrangement of the chairs in Egypt’s government. If so, that will be a welcome sign that the Obama administration may have some limits beyond which it is hesitant to go in aligning with our most brutal “friends.”
We sure hope that the Egyptian demonstrators reject the farce of Suleiman’s appointment and push on to a complete change of regime. Otherwise the Egyptian torture chamber will undoubtedly return, as a new regime reestablishes “stability” and serves US interests.
Note: For more on Omar Suleiman and the US torture program, see this short commentary at the New Yorker by Jane Mayer. I’ll also be looking at more of this story in an article to be published soon.
Andy Worthington is the author of The Guantánamo Files: The Stories of the 774 Detainees in America’s Illegal Prison (published by Pluto Press, distributed by Macmillan in the US, and available from Amazon — click on the following for the US and the UK) and of two other books: Stonehenge: Celebration and Subversion and The Battle of the Beanfield. To receive new articles in your inbox, please subscribe to my RSS feed (and I can also be found on Facebook and Twitter). Also see my definitive Guantánamo prisoner list, updated in July 2010, details about the new documentary film, “Outside the Law: Stories from Guantánamo” (co-directed by Polly Nash and Andy Worthington, and available on DVD here), my definitive Guantánamo habeas list and the chronological list of all my articles, and, if you appreciate my work, feel free to make a donation.
[...] This post was mentioned on Twitter by Andy Worthington, RRC, Middle East Monitor, machkhatib, Matt Diaz and others. Matt Diaz said: RT @GuantanamoAndy: As #Egypt Calls 4 #Mubarak’s Fall, He Appoints US’s Favorite Torturer as VP: Soldz on #OmarSuleiman http://bit.ly/eMoUy6 [...]
On Facebook, Patrick Warren wrote:
Thanks Andy, good point. It’s unfortunate but the New World Order has their backup plan. Press on, those who fight for real freedom!
Sod You wrote:
Apparently he has a close contact with CIA and he was trained in Fort Bragg so nothing will change and Muslim Brotherhood is not much beter too, there won’t be anyone good enough to rule.
George Kenneth Berger wrote:
Thanks Andy. I shared this.
Hamja Ahsan wrote:
Thanks 4 sharing.
GreenEyed Starhh wrote:
Hosni Mubarak the traitor tyrant ruler needz 2 go!!! Democracy is hypocrisy it’ll never work!
Asif Kashmiri wrote:
Tyrants of the world are doing everything to spew their propaganda but you are doing one hell of a job to destroy their lies. Keep it up, Andy. You have become my inspiration.
Kat Tehranchi wrote:
I was speechless when I heard this news last night. Does mubarak really think suleiman is the change his citizens are looking for?! Has he been paying attention at all? There must be some kind of a barrier that shields leaders from seeing and owning what they have done. It seems none of these men can face the truth.
Aaron Henry wrote:
Thanks for shining a light, Andy. I’ll share this with my friends.
Virginia Simson wrote:
I’d love to see you post comment on the article at Oped, Andy. This has spread to URUKNET and a few other places. It really needs to go viral.
And, again, thanx for all you do!!
The people tortured cannot all speak for themselves. You do the best job I’ve seen of speaking for THEM.
Thanks for the comments, everyone, and for sharing this. More to come!
And particular thanks to Asif and Virginia — your supportive words are most welcome. Everyone needs to realize the extent to which Western-sponsored torture has kept the people oppressed.
Susan Hall wrote:
REposting-Thank you Andy, because I think the USians & the world need to know what we should be watching for or against. Plus we need to know before the TV propaganda tops start spinning. Omar Suleiman needs to be read & those names that are of good character need to be heard. Do you know some of the names that WE should gladly be hearing, because they are CARING and honest?
Bob Perillo wrote:
Suleiman is probably what Obama means when he refers to “an orderly transition.” NOT.
I’ve actually been finding some excellent commentary from inside Egypt on Twitter. Check it out!
Suleiman’s appointment as Vice President would not definitely solve the people’s unrest nor Mubarak’s problems. In fact, it might make people more restless to have a Vice President who is ‘distinguished’ to be a torturer.
[...] was rendered to Egypt before being sent to Guantánamo (and released in January 2005). Providing a dark insight into why Hosni Mubarak’s decision to appoint intelligence chief Omar Suleiman as vice president [...]
[...] was noted before Mubarak’s fall, if there was to be meaningful change in Egypt, it could not involve Suleiman, the former spy chief [...]
[...] Well researched article by Andy Worthington on Omar Suleiman: http://www.andyworthington.co.uk/2011/01/30/as-egyptians-call-for-mubaraks-fall-he-appoints-americas… [...]
[…] was noted before Mubarak’s fall, if there was to be meaningful change in Egypt, it could not involve Suleiman, the former spy chief […]
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