Stonehenge and the Summer Solstice, 30 Years After the Battle of the Beanfield


The Stonehenge Free Festival in 1975, a photo from the Flickr page of Basil and Tracy Brooks. Basil played with Zorch, who played the first two festivals in 1974 and 1975.Happy summer solstice, everyone! I thought I might visit megalithic Wiltshire this year, for my first solstice visit in 10 years, but the anti-austerity march in London — and my desire to attend it — rather put paid to that plan. My hoped-for destination was Avebury, the village built in the remains of a colossal stone circle, roughly 20 miles north of Stonehenge, which awakened — or rather reawakened — my interest in all things megalithic from 1996, when a chance visit with my new girlfriend (and now wife) Dot led to such enthusiasm on my part that I devoted much of the next ten years to visiting ancient sacred sites all over England, and in Scotland, Malta and Brittany.

I also wrote two books in this period, after my original plan failed to find a publisher. That project was, “Stonehenge and Avebury: Pilgrimages to the Heart of Ancient England,” and it was based on three long-distance walks I made with Dot and other friends in 1997 and 1998, along the Ridgeway from the Thames to Avebury, and then an eight-day trek through Wiltshire to Stonehenge, from Dorchester in Dorset, which I christened “The Stonehenge Way,” and another walk of my devising from Stonehenge to Avebury.

I hope one day to revive that particular project, but what happened in 2002 was that I was encouraged to focus on one particular aspect of the book — the Stonehenge Free Festival, my first inspiration when it came to ancient sacred sites. As a student, I had visited the festival in 1983 and 1984, and had found my view of the world transformed by this gigantic anarchic jamboree that filled the fields opposite Stonehenge every June. The photo above is from 1975, the second festival, and is from the Flickr site of Basil and Tracy Brooks. Basil played with Zorch, who played at both of the first two festivals, in 1974 and 1975. See the albums here and here.

And so, for the solstice in June 2004, I was there with fliers for my first published book, Stonehenge: Celebration and Subversion, which I launched in the Green Fields at Glastonbury Festival, courtesy of Andy Hope and his solar-powered Croissant Neuf stage. and, on the solstice in 2005, I was there again (accompanied by some number of brandy coffees if I recall correctly), with my second published book, The Battle of the Beanfield, which I launched at Glastonbury again, after carrying a hundred copies of it in a rucksack across the entire water-logged site. They all sold, I’m glad to say, after I parked myself with a chair and a small table next to the Green Fields’ main drag.

Both books, I should note, are still available. Follow the links above.

After the publication of both books, I spent much of the summer in 2004 and 2005 visiting festivals to talk about the history of the Stonehenge festivals, the free festival movement in general, the Beanfield and the British counter-culture — at Shambala and the Big Green Gathering and Sid Rawle’s Super Spirit Camp — before I was distracted by the human rights abuses committed in the “war on terror,” and began what became my third book, The Guantánamo Files, and has now become ten years of writing, researching and campaigning to get the US prison at Guantánamo Bay shut down.

For anyone interested, there’s a video below, via YouTube, of the talk I gave at the Big Green Gathering in — probably — 2005 about Stonehenge’s mystical and pagan history, drawn from my books:

Every June, however, I revisit those times, in articles marking the summer solstice at Stonehenge, and the anniversary of the festival, and also in articles marking the anniversary of the Battle of the Beanfield, the violent suppression of the travellers’ convoy that was en route to Stonehenge to establish what would have been the 12th Stonehenge Free Festival on June 1, 1985, when they were ambushed by over 1,300 police from six counties and the MoD, who brutally “decommissioned” them in a field beside the A303, and proceeded to set up a militarised exclusion zone around Stonehenge every solstice which lasted until the Law Lords ruled it illegal in 1999.

All of this is discussed in my books, as is the fact that in 2000, after this historic ruling, English Heritage, which manages the site, initiated a programme of free “managed open access” to allow people to visit Stonehenge and to stay in the stones all night to watch the sunrise — if, of course, the skies are clear.

From 2001 to 2005, I visited Stonehenge for “managed open access,” which is an extraordinary opportunity to spend some time communing with an ancient sacred site and with a host of colourful characters — although it is also an excuse for a giant party for the youth of Wiltshire and any hedonist prepared to travel. It has echoes of the festival, but nothing more. Back in the ’70s and early ’80s even hedonism had a political dimension, a spirit of dissent that has largely been eliminated by the particularly bland excuse for culture that is currently touted by government and the corporations who dominate so much of our lives, encouraging us, 24/7, to behave and to conform, and to spend our every waking moment buying sh*t we don’t need.

Sunrise at Stonehenge on the summer solstice 2015. Photo by English Heritage from their Twitter account.And so to this morning’s solstice sunrise, seen, it is reported, by an estimated 23,000 people, down from the record 36,000 who attended last year (the photo is from English Heritage’s Twitter account — how’s that for a sign of the times? — and check out this article in the Observer by Ed Vulliamy). I hope a good time was had by all, but in the year that marked the 30th anniversary of the Battle for the Beanfield and the state’s attempt to wipe out an entire sub-culture, I’d like to encourage everyone reading this to reflect on the anniversary of the Beanfield, and to remember the survivors of that terrible day, who made their way to Bratton Castle, an ancient hill-fort in Wiltshire, by the Westbury White Horse, where they attempted to hold an impromptu festival-in-exile.

As I described it in Stonehenge: Celebration and Subversion (and see this article for my description of the immediate aftermath of the Beanfield):

In the end, 2,000 people held a reconvened Stonehenge Solstice Celebration at Bratton Castle, an Iron Age hill-fort and, appropriately enough, a former Neolithic ritual site, complete with a long barrow, above the Westbury White Horse just twelve miles north west of Stonehenge. Hawkwind turned up to play, and the police stayed off-site. To this extent it was a triumph, although the fall-out from recent events was still readily apparent. Margaret Greenfields, a festival regular and welfare volunteer, recalled, “It was like a refugee camp — mud, rain, wind, people shocked and dazed, a man with a broken leg in plaster hauling water in the mud, people with dysentery.”

The excellent Festival Zone website noted that Ozric Tentacles also played, and that “[r]oads were blocked off and if anyone left the site they were not allowed to return.” See the Festival Zone’s archive about the Stonehenge Free Festival here.

Creative dissent did not, of course, die at the Beanfield. Surprises galore were in store in the years that followed, as the rave scene sprang to life out of nowhere, followed by the inspirational road protest movement. Then, in the late 1990s, the anti-globalisation movement, which was a global movement of resistance, grew huge, and caused enormous consternation to the authorities. But by 2003, when the largest ever protests in history took place — and were ignored — calling for there to be no illegal invasion of Iraq — we hit a brick wall, and haven’t been able to topple it ever since.

With greed out of control, the gap between the rich and the poor growing every day, the need for urgent environmental change neglected, and politics drifting ominously to the right, the need for massive left-wing dissent is, I would argue, greater now that it has been at any time in my life. I hope, as this dreadful Tory government, butchering the state and persecuting the most vulnerable members of society, tries to maintain power for the next five years, people will rise up in numbers not seen since the Iraq protest in 2003, and, most pertinently, the 1980s, under Margaret Thatcher, when many people who are now sleepwalking to disaster knew who was the enemy.

Enjoy the solstice today, but don’t forget those who have been persecuted by the state over the last 30 years, and those who are today’s “enemy within.”

For reflections on Stonehenge and the summer solstice, see Stonehenge and the summer solstice: past and presentIt’s 25 Years Since The Last Stonehenge Free FestivalStonehenge Summer Solstice 2010: Remembering the Battle of the BeanfieldRIP Sid Rawle, Land Reformer, Free Festival Pioneer, Stonehenge StalwartHappy Summer Solstice to the Revellers at Stonehenge — Is it Really 27 Years Since the Last Free Festival?Stonehenge and the Summer Solstice: On the 28th Anniversary of the Last Free Festival, Check Out “Festivals Britannia”Memories of Youth and the Need for Dissent on the 29th Anniversary of the last Stonehenge Free Festival and 30 Years On from the Last Stonehenge Free Festival, Where is the Spirit of Dissent?

For more on the Beanfield, see my articles, In the Guardian: Remembering the Battle of the Beanfield, which provides excerpts from The Battle of the Beanfield (and see the Guardian article here), The Battle of the Beanfield 25th Anniversary: An Interview with Phil Shakesby, aka Phil the Beer, a prominent traveller who died five years ago, Remember the Battle of the Beanfield: It’s the 27th Anniversary Today of Thatcher’s Brutal Suppression of Traveller SocietyRadio: On Eve of Summer Solstice at Stonehenge, Andy Worthington Discusses the Battle of the Beanfield and Dissent in the UKIt’s 28 Years Since Margaret Thatcher Crushed Travellers at the Battle of the BeanfieldBack in Print: The Battle of the Beanfield, Marking Margaret Thatcher’s Destruction of Britain’s TravellersIt’s 29 Years Since the Battle of the Beanfield, and the World Has Changed Immeasurably and It’s 30 Years Since Margaret Thatcher Trashed the Travellers’ Movement at the Battle of the Beanfield.

Also see my article on Margaret Thatcher’s death, “Kindness is Better than Greed”: Photos, and a Response to Margaret Thatcher on the Day of Her Funeral.

Andy Worthington is a freelance investigative journalist, activist, author, photographer, film-maker and singer-songwriter (the lead singer and main songwriter for the London-based band The Four Fathers). He is the co-founder of the “Close Guantánamo” campaign, the co-director of “We Stand With Shaker,” calling for the immediate release from Guantánamo of Shaker Aamer, the last British resident in the prison, and the author of The Guantánamo Files: The Stories of the 774 Detainees in America’s Illegal Prison (published by Pluto Press, distributed by the University of Chicago Press in the US, and available from Amazon, including a Kindle edition — click on the following for the US and the UK) and of two other books: Stonehenge: Celebration and Subversion and The Battle of the Beanfield. He is also the co-director (with Polly Nash) of the documentary film, “Outside the Law: Stories from Guantánamo” (available on DVD here — or here for the US).

To receive new articles in your inbox, please subscribe to Andy’s RSS feed — and he can also be found on Facebook (and here), Twitter, Flickr and YouTube. Also see the six-part definitive Guantánamo prisoner list, and “The Complete Guantánamo Files,” an ongoing, 70-part, million-word series drawing on files released by WikiLeaks in April 2011. Also see the definitive Guantánamo habeas list, the full military commissions list, and the chronological list of all Andy’s articles.

Please also consider joining the “Close Guantánamo” campaign, and, if you appreciate Andy’s work, feel free to make a donation.

32 Responses

  1. Andy Worthington says...

    When I posted this on Facebook, I wrote:

    Happy solstice, everyone! Here’s my article reflecting on the 23,000 people at Stonehenge last night and this morning for “managed open access,” explaining how we got there, via the extraordinary free festival (1974-84), the terrible suppression of the festival and the travellers’ movement at the Battle of the Beanfield (1985), the long years of the militarised exclusion zone (1985-99), and “managed open access” since 2000. Just remember: the time for dissent is not over!

  2. Andy Worthington says...

    Jan Strain wrote:

    Happy Solstice, Andy

  3. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks, Jan! Happy solstice to you too!

  4. Andy Worthington says...

    Ann Alexander wrote:

    Did you catch the documentary on BBC4 on Friday evening Andy? It was the history of festivals and needless to say the Battle of the Beanfield was part of the documentary. The footage was horrifying.

  5. Andy Worthington says...

    I didn’t see that it was on, Ann, but I see that it’s also on very early tomorrow (Monday) morning, 1.30am to be precise:
    It’s also on iPlayer for the next 28 days.
    It was first shown in 2010, and is very good. The programme makers got in touch with me at the time, if I recall correctly, but nothing ever came of it. When I saw the programme, however,I thought the entire structure was lifted from my Stonehenge book.

  6. Andy Worthington says...

    Jenifer Fenton wrote:

    Happiest of Solstices!! Andy!

  7. Andy Worthington says...

    And happy solstice to you too, Jenifer!

  8. Andy Worthington says...

    Arthur Lowbridge wrote:

    Nice one Andy, fanx!…… 🙂

  9. Andy Worthington says...

    Stephen Summers wrote:

    Thanks Andy great righter of wrongs!

  10. Andy Worthington says...

    You’re welcome, Arthur. Good to hear from you.

  11. Andy Worthington says...

    And Stephen, great to hear from you. How are you, my friend?

  12. Andy Worthington says...

    Ruth E Letten wrote:

    My memories of visiting Stonehenge at Solstice (1987-1990) sadly were of police and violence towards all. However the spirit of those I travelled with never waned, it only grew stronger as did the sense of community. Great piece x

  13. Andy Worthington says...

    Good to hear from you, Ruth. So yes, 1987-90 was, in general, a very sad time to be visiting Stonehenge, but I’m glad to hear you were with such great people and the spirit was strong.

  14. Andy Worthington says...

    Barry Hancock wrote:

    respect 2u

  15. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks, Barry. Good to hear from you.

  16. Andy Worthington says...

    Deb Grinstead wrote:

    Great article, thanks

  17. Andy Worthington says...

    You’re welcome, Deb. Thanks.

  18. Andy Worthington says...

    Mark Linfield wrote:

    great piece of writing

  19. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks for the supportive words, Mark. Good to hear from you.

  20. Andy Worthington says...

    Jessy Mumpo wrote:

    Hope the anti austerity march went well. Have you been to the Boyne valley in Ireland, wonderful megalithic remains. Formative memories those free festi’s of yesteryear. Happy solstice and here’s to the left wing pheonix that must surely rise. X

  21. Andy Worthington says...

    Hi Jessy​, yes, the march was inspiring. Inauspicious weather and feeling rather tired was rather putting me off, but once I got there I was fired up by the numbers and the energy. Such great creativity on display – so many great handmade placards! May the left-wing phoenix rise indeed! My photos here:

  22. Andy Worthington says...

    Oh, and Jessy, yes, I visited Newgrange in 1996. A wonderful place – though perhaps a bit over-restored, and we had to go with a guide who was a bit too free with the blarney!

  23. Andy Worthington says...

    Winston Weeks wrote:

    Most interesting article Andy, thanks.

  24. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks, Winston, That’s very much appreciated

  25. Andy Worthington says...

    Alan Shaw wrote:

    I’ve got your first two superb books, looking forward to reading the next offerings. Keep up the good work Andy.

  26. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks, Alan. Good to hear from you.

  27. Andy Worthington says...

    Barry Hancock wrote:

    Thanks Andy just sitting here feeling the awful injustice 30 yrs on . . . .

  28. Andy Worthington says...

    Yes, it’s always very sobering to sit and think about it, isn’t it, Barry? Like Thatcher’s destruction of the miners and other industries (steel, shipbuilding), it was a crime against the people of this country.

  29. Vijen says...

    You mention the managed access in the 21st century, but perhaps you are not aware that there was an earlier managed access, I believe it was 1986, but it might have been 1987, when 500 people who had applied in writing, were allowed into the stones at dawn on the summer solstice. Yes, I was one of the lucky few, and after hanging around all night without sleep (or drugs) in Winchester, was picked up at 3 a.m. by an official bus. As it turned out, the occasion was largely spoiled by the much larger crowd of jeering people who saw us, quite absurdly, as scabs. I was at the 1st Stonehenge Festival in 1974, which essentially came about as a direct consequence of the violent break-up of the 3rd Windsor Festival (why doesn’t anyone ever write about that, it wasn’t as bad as the beanfield, but believe me, it was still pretty bad). I was also at every other Stonehenge Festival, and also stayed a few weeks one winter in the late 70s in a pit house settlement in a track just up the hill from Stonehenge towards Amesbury. I understand the frustration of those excluded from the group of “official government-sponsored hippies” in 1986, but they should reflect on how we felt. I wish I’d kept the ticket the governent sent me: would be worth something on eBay now, I guess.

  30. Andy Worthington says...

    Hi Vijen,
    Yes, I discuss all those events in my Stonehenge book – Windsor and its violent suppression in August 1974, and Watchfield, which followed in 1975, as a kind of attempt by the government to compromise with the festival organisers. I also discuss the years of the exclusion zone, and that fascinating access allowed in 1987, presumably as a response to the violence that took place in 1986 outside the stones.
    Thanks for getting in touch!

  31. Tony Hough says...

    Hi Andy!
    Someone finally found footage of me on the 1987 London to Stonehenge Pilgrimage – was beginning to think I’d dreampt it all!! I was on 3 of those walks – 86 to 88. Going over them I found I was beginning to muddle them up in my memory so I searched out my notes, especially about the 86 walk. I’m going through them trying to get all the dates camps and events fixed. It was a pretty magical experience for me so much of my memory is clear but I had no camera so little to verify it! Are there any people that were on this march or sources specifically about it that I can compare notes with?

  32. Andy Worthington says...

    Good to hear from you, Tony, and great that you took notes – a vital part of the historical record, given how unreliable our memories often turn out to be.
    Are you on Facebook? I’d say it’s worth putting the word out on a couple of groups there, and seeing what responses you get:
    ‘The Battle of the Beanfield’:
    ‘The Golden Daze of Free Festivals’:

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Andy Worthington

Investigative journalist, author, campaigner, commentator and public speaker. Recognized as an authority on Guantánamo and the “war on terror.” Co-founder, Close Guantánamo and We Stand With Shaker. Also, photo-journalist (The State of London), and singer and songwriter (The Four Fathers).
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