Time’s Running Out: My Analysis of the Guantánamo Closure Plan Delivered to Congress by President Obama

24.2.16

Campaigners with Witness Against Torture call for the closure of Guantanamo outside the White House on January 11, 2016, the 14th anniversary of the opening of the prison (Photo: Andy Worthington).I wrote the following article — as “President Obama Delivers Guantánamo Closure Plan to Congress; Will It Work?” — for the “Close Guantánamo” website, which I established in January 2012, on the 10th anniversary of the opening of Guantánamo, with the US attorney Tom Wilner. Please join us — just an email address is required to be counted amongst those opposed to the ongoing existence of Guantánamo, and to receive updates of our activities by email. For further commentary on President Obama’s plan, listen to me on The Monocle Daily, and also check out my interview on Sputnik.

Yesterday (February 23, 2016), President Obama delivered a long-awaited plan to Congress, prepared by the Department of Defense, laying out in detail how he proposes, with the help of lawmakers, to close the prison at Guantánamo Bay — where 91 men are still held — before he leaves office.

As explained in a White House briefing that accompanied the plan, the four main points of the plan are as follows, and our comments are below each point.

1. “We’ll continue to securely and responsibly transfer to other countries the 35 detainees already approved for transfer. This process involves extensive and careful coordination across our federal government to ensure that our national security interests are met when an individual is transferred to another country. We insist, for example, that foreign countries institute strong security measures.”

We say:

Get on with it!

24 of the 35 men approved for release but still held were approved for release at least six years ago, by the high-level, inter-agency Guantánamo Review Task Force that President Obama established shortly after taking office for the first time in January 2009. It is an absolute disgrace that anyone approved for release should be held for so long after they were first told that the US no longer wanted to hold them. We note that 20 of these men are Yemenis, and that the entire US establishment believes that it is unsafe to repatriate any Yemeni prisoners, but we also note that new homes have been found, in the last year and a half, for 36 Yemenis, and we urge the administration to speed up the release and relocation of these men, and of the four non-Yemeni nationals approved for release by the task force, if they cannot be safely repatriated.

The other eleven men were approved for release in the last 25 months by Periodic Review Boards, set up in 2013 to review the cases of all the prisoners not already approved for release or facing trials. Again, nine of these men are Yemenis, while the other two are from Libya and Afghanistan, but all should be released as swiftly as possible, to third countries if they cannot be sent home.

2. “We’ll accelerate the periodic reviews of remaining detainees to determine whether their continued detention is necessary. Our review board, including representatives from across government, will look at all relevant information, including current intelligence. If certain detainees no longer pose a continuing significant threat, they may be eligible for transfer to another country.”

We say:

This is hugely important, as we have been saying since last year when looking at plans for the closure of Guantánamo. The Periodic Review Boards have, to date, approved 18 prisoners for release out of the 21 cases in which decisions have been reached. Unfortunately, it has taken 27 months to get to this point, and there are still 43 men awaiting reviews — or, in a handful of cases, the decisions of reviews that have already taken place. For all of these men, reviews need to take place before President Obama leaves office, and the process therefore needs to be speeded up considerably. It is reassuring to see the administration, for the first time, conceding that it needs to “accelerate” the PRBs, but now we need to see that happen.

In addition, it is worth noting that  the success rate of approving prisoners for release after their PRBs is 86%, a rate that is profoundly impressive in and of itself, but is even more significant when it is considered that these are men described by President Obama’s task force in 2010 as “too dangerous to release,” or men who were put forward for trials until the basis for trials largely collapsed under scrutiny by US appeals courts. The men were described as “too dangerous to release,” even though the task force admitted it had insufficient evidence to put them on trial, and the PRBs have belatedly been establishing, therefore, that this was an irresponsible categorization, as they are not in fact “too dangerous to release” after all.

3. “We’ll continue to use all legal tools to deal with the remaining detainees still held under law of war detention. Currently, 10 detainees are in some stage of the military commissions process — a process we reformed in my first year in office with bipartisan support from Congress. Still, these commissions are very costly and have resulted in years without a resolution. We’re therefore outlining additional changes to improve these commissions, which would require Congressional action.”

We say:

We are disappointed to hear that the military commissions are continuing, as they are clearly not fit for purpose. Ongoing proceedings are largely stalled, because the system is so broken, and of the eight convictions already secured, mostly via plea deals, four have already been overturned on appeal, and more may not survive judicial scrutiny. We believe that federal courts are the only appropriate venue for trying those accused of terrorism, and point out how successfully the US courts have dealt with terrorism cases in the last 14 years.

We are intrigued by the suggestion, in the plan, that the administration is “considering whether there are … legislative changes … that might enable detainees who are interested in pleading guilty in Article III courts, and serving prison sentences according to our criminal laws, to do so.” We think that could be useful, and hope that Congress will work with the administration on this.

We are also interested in hearing that some prisoners might be transferred for prosecution in other countries, something that, in some cases, might well have been constructive had it happened years ago — in the cases of a small number of men accused of acts of terrorism in other countries, for example.

4. “We’re going to work with Congress to find a secure location in the United States to hold remaining detainees. These are detainees who are subject to military commissions, as well as those who cannot yet be transferred to other countries or who we’ve determined must continue to be detained because they pose a continuing significant threat. We are not identifying a specific facility today.”

We say:

We wish the president every success in working with Congress, although we note that, if lawmakers continue to obstruct him needlessly and opportunistically, as they have since they first passed laws prohibiting him from bringing any prisoners from Guantánamo to the US mainland for any reason, the he should heed the advice of former White House Counsel Greg Craig, and Cliff Sloan, the former State Department envoy for Guantánamo closure, who, in November, wrote an op-ed for the Washington Post, entitled, “The president doesn’t need Congress’s permission to close Guantánamo,” in which they stated, “Under Article II of the Constitution, the president has exclusive authority to determine the facilities in which military detainees are held. Obama has the authority to move forward. He should use it.”

Of course, we have no enthusiasm for anyone being held without charge or trial, whether at Guantánamo, or on US soil, but we recognize that the administration will continue to argue that some of the men described as “too dangerous to release” should continue to be held. We regard it as essential that this number is as small as possible — hence the need to speed up the PRB process — and we also, crucially, believe that, on US soil, these men will have the ability to challenge the basis of their detention in the courts with more success than they had at Guantánamo, where the habeas corpus legislation was cynically shut down by appeals court judges.

When the Associated Press wrote about this three weeks ago, officials speaking off the record spoke about 24 men being moved to the US, including those facing trials. That is still more than we would hope for, as our research and that of intelligence analysts suggests that no more than eight men, in addition to those facing trials, were involved in activities harmful to US national security, but it is considerably better than the 56 men who, currently, are not approved for release.

In closing, and reiterating what we have said above, the best thing that can happen now is for the Periodic Review Boards to be speeded up considerably, not only in the interests of justice for those awaiting reviews, but as the best way of making sure that as few men as possible — and only those genuinely accused of terrorist activities — are held as the end of Obama’s presidency approaches, and the uncertain process of electing the next president begins.

When that next inauguration happens, on January 20, 2017, it would be better for justice and for America’s standing in the world if the prison at Guantánamo Bay were already closed for good.

Andy Worthington is a freelance investigative journalist, activist, author, photographer, film-maker and singer-songwriter (the lead singer and main songwriter for the London-based band The Four Fathers, whose debut album, ‘Love and War,’ is available for download or on CD via Bandcamp — also see here). He is the co-founder of the Close Guantánamo campaign (and the Countdown to Close Guantánamo initiative, launched in January 2016), the co-director of We Stand With Shaker, which called for the release from Guantánamo of Shaker Aamer, the last British resident in the prison (finally freed on October 30, 2015), and the author of The Guantánamo Files: The Stories of the 774 Detainees in America’s Illegal Prison (published by Pluto Press, distributed by the University of Chicago Press in the US, and available from Amazon, including a Kindle edition — click on the following for the US and the UK) and of two other books: Stonehenge: Celebration and Subversion and The Battle of the Beanfield. He is also the co-director (with Polly Nash) of the documentary film, “Outside the Law: Stories from Guantánamo” (available on DVD here — or here for the US).

To receive new articles in your inbox, please subscribe to Andy’s RSS feed — and he can also be found on Facebook (and here), Twitter, Flickr and YouTube. Also see the six-part definitive Guantánamo prisoner list, and The Complete Guantánamo Files, an ongoing, 70-part, million-word series drawing on files released by WikiLeaks in April 2011. Also see the definitive Guantánamo habeas list, the full military commissions list, and the chronological list of all Andy’s articles.

Please also consider joining the Close Guantánamo campaign, and, if you appreciate Andy’s work, feel free to make a donation.

26 Responses

  1. Andy Worthington says...

    When I posted this on Facebook, I wrote:

    Here’s my latest article, examining the plan for closing ‪Guantanamo‬ that President Obama delivered to Congress yesterday. I call for the prisoners approved for release to be freed as quickly as possible, applaud the promise to speed up the Periodic Review Boards, regret that the military commissions will continue, and wonder if Congress can be persuaded to support the plan.

  2. Andy Worthington says...

    Zarina Bhatia wrote:

    High time he did!

  3. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks, Zarina. Yes indeed!

  4. Andy Worthington says...

    Laura Lance wrote:

    Very informative. Thanks for the clarity, which is a huge help when talking to other folk about this issue.

  5. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks, Laura. Yes, the media were all over this yesterday, but as you suggest, they don’t necessarily get to the heart of what’s happening – or not happening – and why.

  6. Andy Worthington says...

    Laura Lance wrote:

    One of many reasons your work is so valuable — to disseminate the history, context and facts that not only serve to correct misinformation, but hopefully will compel the public to advocate for or, at the very least to not oppose the closing of Guantanamo.

  7. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks, Laura, for your kind words.

  8. Andy Worthington says...

    Pam Arnold wrote:

    they could put them all up in Trump Tower and stlll have change for what it costs to keep them illegally incarcerated

  9. Andy Worthington says...

    I like the idea of Donald Trump having to house them all, Pam!

  10. Andy Worthington says...

    David Gulliksen wrote:

    It’s a national disgrace and a scandal that the US has a prison designed specifically to circumvent national and international law. If we believe in our justice system, we should not ignore it because we dislike the ones we’re imprisoning.

  11. Andy Worthington says...

    Exactly, David. Well said. What I’d add is that far too many US citizens aren’t even aware of anything about the people they’ve been told to dislike.

  12. Andy Worthington says...

    Michael McCollum wrote:

    Great Friend Andy Worthington is the man on campus about Gitmo and we thank him for all the hard work he has put into keeping us educated on the matters. And special thanks to Jason Leopold for his hard work on Gitmo, OY!

  13. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks, Michael. My apologies for posting this so late. It was a hectic day on the media front yesterday. I was on RT’s news at 6pm via Skype (anyone see it?) I also spoke to NTN24 (Spanish language international news channel), RIA Novosti news agency and Sputnik, and then I cycled across town for an interview with Monocle Radio: https://monocle.com/radio/shows/the-monocle-daily/1117/play/

  14. Andy Worthington says...

    Michael McCollum wrote:

    I know that I appreciate all your efforts and consider you an invaluable brother in the work I’ve invested a decade plus of my life towards! Thank you brotha!

  15. Andy Worthington says...

    Yes, we are getting old fighting for justice, Michael!

  16. Andy Worthington says...

    When Jan Strain shared this, she wrote:

    Too much silliness has gone on with this “promise” to close Guantanamo.
    Remember, Obama is the president that signed the NDAA during news cycle downtime and on New Years Eve, 2012, to avoid the backlash
    – that signing opened the camp for use for indefinite detention of American citizens. He has renewed it every time it has come across his desk.
    Now for Andy Worthington (one of my best resources as to Guantanamo Bay Detention Center.. or, as I prefer to call it, POW Camp)..
    A critique of Obama’s plan to close Guantanamo.

  17. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks, Jan. Critical enough, I hope. We are going in the right direction, but we’re clearly not there yet and much remains to be done – releases and reviews, in particular. Disappointed that the military commissions aren’t being scrapped, but hey, who runs the DoD after all?

  18. Andy Worthington says...

    Jan Strain wrote:

    Exactly.

  19. Andy Worthington says...

    Here’s my Sputnik interview:
    Gitmo Detainees Transferred to US May Get Full Due Process Rights
    http://sputniknews.com/us/20160224/1035244616/gitmo-detainees-transferred-to-us.html

  20. Andy Worthington says...

    David Knopfler wrote:

    Reprieve seem less than excited…
    http://www.reprieve.org/comment-on-gitmo-closure-plan.html

    Cori Crider said:

    “For most of this Presidency, ‘work with Congress’ has been code for ‘ain’t gonna happen,’ so it’s far from plain whether President Obama really aims to force this plan through. If he does, while he is right to try to close Guantánamo, the plan has various problems.

    “Guantánamo Bay is a stain on U.S. history—and it is time we consigned it to history. Today’s plan won’t finish the job.

    “The President’s plan leaves the door open to hold cleared men on U.S. soil without charge or trial, which is contrary to everything that we stand for. Our founding father, Alexander Hamilton, would have been shocked to see us holding men cleared for years by six federal agencies, on American soil without charge or trial.”

    “Hamilton knew that our liberty dies when we sweep human beings under the rug. All the cleared must be released. None should be brought to the U.S. A supermax is no place for them. Reviews for people in ‘indefinite detention’ should be sped up. Those facing charges must be put before the same regular courts that try terrorism suspects every day. Only then will we have kept the promise recited by every American school child each morning: to defend liberty and justice for all.”

  21. Andy Worthington says...

    Yes, and understandably, David. Indefinite detention without charge or trial is fundamentally unacceptable, but there is a very small number of men the US will find it hard to prosecute but who they really do regard as dangerous, who will have to be brought to the US mainland. I don’t think it will be acceptable to imprison them in supermax facilities – I think military prisons are the only viable location for men ostensibly held under the laws of war, and supermax prisons will only be for those definitely facing trials – but I’m also pretty certain that men not put on trial will have a new set of legal challenges they’ll be able to make, powered by the US Constitution, whose reach in Guantanamo has always been patchy.

  22. Andy Worthington says...

    Thanks to everyone liking and sharing this. It’s greatly appreciated. I’ve been browsing the coverage – and there’s quite a lot of it, although not all of it merits discussion, by any means. I found an interesting NBC article, “Will Obama Use Executive Order to Close Guantanamo Bay?” – short answer: no – in which Robert J. Spitzer, a professor of political science, suggested what I think the best case scenario is. As NBC put it, Spitzer said “he expects the administration will continue to draw down the number of detainees held at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base by continuing to transfer those deemed no danger to the U.S. to home countries, then strike a deal with congressional Republicans to transfer the small number of suspected terrorists to the U.S. to stand trial – either in federal courts or before military commissions.” Spitzer said, “I think you can make a fair argument that even the Republicans in Congress could believe that finding … (an) accommodation with him may be in their long-term interest.”
    http://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/will-obama-use-executive-order-close-guantanamo-bay-n524821

  23. Andy Worthington says...

    David Gulliksen wrote, in response to 11, above:

    It disgusts me that the Republicans cite national security as the reason we don’t put the internees on trial.

  24. Andy Worthington says...

    Yes, there is some serious evasion going on, David. There are dark forces in the Republican Party – and, I’m sure, in parts of the Pentagon and the intelligence agencies – who like being able to hold people indefinitely without charge or trial.

  25. Andy Worthington says...

    Dorrine Marshall wrote:

    Andy the Orange County Peace Coalition was going to take photos using your poster of people at the Great American Write In next month. Then send them to your site. And make postcards to send to the president. But since he has come up with a plan of sorts should we tweak this and send the photos to Congress to cooperate and end our shame? Or continue on as is? I thought your opinion would be the best.

  26. Andy Worthington says...

    Hi Dorrine​, please keep putting pressure on Obama. He is the president after all, and if Congress won’t work with him he’ll have to do something else. Please do get your group to take photos with the poster marking 300 days, which is on March 25: http://www.closeguantanamo.org/dyn/1455707901265/CloseGuantanamoCountdown300Days.pdf
    Send to: info@closeguantanamo.org
    However, we should definitely think about how to also put pressure on Congress!

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Andy Worthington

Investigative journalist, author, campaigner, commentator and public speaker. Recognized as an authority on Guantánamo and the “war on terror.” Co-founder, Close Guantánamo, co-director, We Stand With Shaker. Also, singer and songwriter (The Four Fathers) and photographer.
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